The Final Project

For my final project, I decided to an expand on project 6 with another podcast. This podcast shares about what happened after the Battle of New Orleans, when the war of 1812 ended. As I reflect, I think this digital form is a good way to tell this historical story because it allows people to have the option to audibly experience history. It is also convenient for those who prefer audio learning instead of visual learning. Furthermore, individuals also get a chance to hear parts of history come to life. Although this digital form is a good a way to tell a historical story, it also comes with its disadvantages.

One disadvantage is having a harder time drawing the audience’s focus and attention. This is difficult because with any storytelling it takes time to build a connection with the audience. Moreover, therefore it is important to develop and share material that keeps the listener engaged. Therefore, timing with any historical storytelling is also can be disadvantage. This could be if the story is too short or especially if it is too long. Thus, finding a balance in between timing is important when telling historical stories through podcast. In addition, for the future, I might use this digital tool in my future career by sharing about different health aspects, since my future will be in Public Health. I think using this tool in the Public Health field would be a great benefit for teaching and educating individuals on health.

Lastly, I believe the story about the life after the war of 1812 is a good story to tell, because it shows what happened after America became an independent nation. Additionally, it explains how the aftermath of the war still caused issues that continued for many years. Because there were many events that occurred after the Battle of New Orleans some story points are missing. For instance, some story points about the British expansion, points about significant American leaders actions and the many lives of American soldiers. Overall, I think this digital form can beneficial, but also challenging when telling historical stories.


Hickman, Kennedy. “War of 1812: New Orleans & Peace.” ThoughtCo. (accessed December 7, 2020).

American Battlefield Trust. “Outcomes of the War of 1812.” American Battlefield Trust, March 2020.

Braund, Kathryn. “Losing Ground: The Wages of War in Indian Country (U.S. National Park Service),” August 2017.

Calloway, Colin G. “The End of an Era: British-Indian Relations in the Great Lakes Region after the War of 1812.” Michigan Historical Review 12, no. 2 (1986): 1-20.doi:10.2307/2017307

Foreman, Amanda. “The British View the War of 1812 Quite Differently Than Americans Do.” Smithsonian Institution, July 1, 2014.

Hickman, Kennedy. “War of 1812: New Orleans & Peace.” ThoughtCo.

Key, Francis Scott, 1779-1843. The Star-Spangled Banner handwritten manuscript. 1814. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America,

Last Best Hope of Earth. “The Aftermath of the War of 1812.” Last Best Hope of Earth, March 5, 2016.

Locke , Joseph, and Ben Wright. “The Early Republic ,” June 7, 2013.

NIVOLA, PIETRO S., and PETER J. KASTOR, eds. What So Proudly We Hailed: Essays on the Contemporary Meaning of the War of 1812. Brookings Institution Press, 2012.

Yost, Russell. “War of 1812 Timeline .” The History Junkie , April 2020.


Creative Expression

For my creative expression piece, I decided to write a poem that relates to the War of 1812. My poem is written from the perspective of a black man, who is a slave that is also fighting in the war. I chose to write this poem because I wanted to express through writing how a black person might have felt during the War of 1812. Furthermore, I also wanted to show another aspect of this war that gets overlooked. This aspect is displayed in the title of the poem as well as throughout the piece. In addition, doing a poem also helped me learn about the war in an interesting way. I believe, this is an interesting way to learn about the War of 1812 because you are learning information in a creative way. It is also an interesting way to learn when researching different perspectives from different groups of people during this time. For instance, it was interesting to learn how some of the British felt about freedom in America, especially slavery. I was able to learn how the British military would help slaves by training them to become apart of their military with allowing them to fight as a free man. By learning this, I was able to incorporate this into my poem thorough expressing the black man’s perspective. Overall, this was a creative and great way to learn about this war and to share a different perspective.

Rough Draft.

Civil War Monument

“Pass Around Their Army Without Hindrance” Marker

When searching for a Civil War monument in my area, I found a marker about Haymarket, VA during the civil war. This marker commemorates Confederate General J.E.B Stuart and General Robert E. Lee on their passing around the Army of Northern Virginia. It explains how they were able to pass by without hinderance to invade Maryland and Pennsylvania. Furthermore, the marker states how Gen. Stuart was able to pass through taking a route through north Haymarket. The marker also shows the route that was taking, as you see in the picture above. Now, based on what I know, I think this marker was put up because of the significance of the area in Haymarket. I also think the marker was put up to show recognition and remembrance to the Civil War in this specific city. Lastly, this marker was put up by the Civil War Trails but I could not find when the marker was set in place.


Project Podcast

In creating this podcast there was a few challenges that I overcame during the process. During the process, I overcame the challenge of creating the material that I would discuss. At times, I was not certain what I should talk about or how I should discuss the information. It was also a challenge when narrowing down the information I would share. I wanted to make sure I provided enough details, but at the same time not be overloading with information. Another challenge, I had was making certain that I was speaking clearly and at a decent pace. This was difficult because I tend to speak at a fast pace, but I was able to manage.

Lastly, I think one of the potential challenges of doing a podcasting for history is finding information that keeps the listener engaged. Also, I think it can be challenging in deciding how long the podcast will be.


Podcasts Review

For this week’s response, the two podcasts I chose to review this week are “Dig: A History Podcast” and “Ben Franklin’s World.” On Dig’s podcast channel, I listened to an episode where they talked about the sugar industry, slavery, and consumerism in the Atlantic World. I believe, the purpose of this podcast was to educate listeners about how sugar became such a favored commodity and how people used it to build empires. On Ben Franklin’s World podcast, I listened to an episode about the history of polygamy in early America. The purpose of this podcast was to show how polygamy was frequently practiced among different groups in America during the 17th and 18th century.

After reviewing these two podcasts, you can see how both are similar in format by how the information on the history topic is presented. Both have a format that beings with background information on their pieces of history. Although they have a similar format, they also differ in style. The Dig’s podcast has more of a narrative/storytelling style, while Ben Franklin’s World episode is more of a conversation style. When it comes to who the audience is for these podcasts, I believe they are for history lovers. In addition, I think they are for anyone who is interested in knowing more about our country’s historical events. Moreover, these podcasts keep listeners interested by presenting and using specific content. For example, both podcasts gave in depth information on their topics that, which elaborating on information could keep a listener intrigued. Regarding keeping these listeners, I think the length of the podcasts could not be working. Keeping an audience intrigued after 30 mins of talking can be a challenge regardless of the topic. Although, having historical stories on audio is great because it is convenient for those who prefer listening over reading. What also makes audio historical stories great is the ability to listen anytime and anywhere. Lastly, I think the challenge with using audio to tell historical stories is ensuring that extra details about the stories properly presented.


Mexican-American War

After listening to the podcast about the Mexican American War, I reviewed the primary source called, “Look Up on that Banner.” This primary source is a song that was written during the time of the war. The song is about a patriot mother, Mrs. Potter, who was writing to her son in the war. Parts of the song have extracts from a letter she wrote. Through the exchange, her son communicated to her the death of his brother. Therefore, she says “Come not to me! Go to Mexico – revenge your brother’s death and sustain your Country’s honor.” It was written by R. Horace Pratt in which it was dedicated to Lieut. Colonel Dixon S. Miles. Miles spent most of his life serving in the military and sought action in the Seminole Wars and the Mexican American war. In addition, Miles fought during the battle of Monterrey at the siege of Vera Cruz, which earned him lieutenant colonel. This could be one of the reasons why the song was dedicated to him. Because of this information, I think this primary source fits into the part of the war where navy troops get involved and invade costal cities around Vera Cruz. Although, I think it could also fit where Milton Palmer Braman laments over the destructions of the war.

In addition, I think the war connects to today by the on-going conflict that our country still has with Mexico about its borders. During the war, this was something they continued to fight about, it was always about more land. It was also about keeping Mexicans out of the country, which relates to the same issue of immigration in our country. Racism was also a part of the war, where people saw Mexicans as inferior due to their skin color and religion. This connects to the racisms of today where certain groups are still looked as inferior. For example, Black people are still judge because of the color of their skin or Jews are looked as inferior because of their religion. One part of the podcast that was surprising was that people were objected to the war on moral grounds. This was surprising because most people were for the war and would do anything to win.

American Battlefield Trust. “Dixon S. Miles,” May 18, 2017.


John Quincy Adams Travels Everywhere

The reason I chose to follow John Quincy Adams for my map assignment was due to his role in the War of 1812. Adams was someone who was always willing to go beyond the borders of the U.S. to make peace and resolve issues. Furthermore, this made him a great U.S. ambassador to several countries, where he traveled. Another reason why I chose him was due to him being such a world traveler. Like Adam’s, I desire to travel to different places and learn from new experiences. From his travels, I was able to learn about other parts of the war. One thing, I learned from him was how he was a main contributor in ending the war. Adams was able to be apart of a negotiation, which finally end the war between the Americans and British. This also brought awareness about other people that also played an important role in ending the war. In addition, through him I learned how the U.S was strategic in appointing specific individuals as ambassadors. I believe, Adams was appointed as an ambassador to several countries because of his diplomatic background. Lastly, I learned that not only did he assist in ending the war, but he also made several other negotiations during that time.

National Park Service. “John Quincy Adams (1767),” April 30, 2015.

History. “John Quincy Adams.” A&E Television Networks, October 27, 2009.


The Establishment of the Naval Academy

In the podcast the Preble Hall it discusses the Naval history and the Naval academy. Throughout the podcast you hear from Stephen Philips, a retired Naval commander who served as a warfare officer and special operations officer. His history with the Naval academy began with his father, then himself, followed by his son. Philips also served as a Naval academy instructor. The conversation begins with Philips sharing information about the Somers Munity investigation. During this investigation a midshipman, Phillip Spencer, initiated the investigation of munity on board. The man being accused was basically found guilty without trail and was hanged with no further investigation. This became one of biggest cases of the time. The case also drew a lot of attention due to Philip Spencer being the son of the secretary of war, John Spencer. In addition, this case led to the establishment of formal training for midshipmen.

Philips also talks about other experiences throughout podcast that began the Naval academy. For instance, he mentions another incident with a midshipman that led to naval training. Learning about these events and information gives better insight on why the need for establishing the Naval academy was necessary. There definitely was a mutual understanding that proper training was essential in the success of building the navy. The standard for the navy was being set at new level, where there was less room for mutiny or mishaps. It is interesting to see how the different events shaped the history of the Naval academy and its establishment.


For the love of Technology

After reading the article, The Enduring Anti-Black Racism of Google Search, it gave me a new perspective on the use of technology. In this piece, the technology that is being described is coding. Its purpose is to teach, and mentor African American girls interested in computer programming. This was a part of Google’s effort to invest in more diverse programs that would create a gateway into Silicon Valley and other tech industries, also bringing a remedy to persistent exclusion. Furthermore, the purpose was also to invest in youth as an opportunity to support a vision for Black women’s participation in Silicon Valley industries.

When reviewing this, many may look at this technology as good because it could produce more employment opportunities for Black women in the future. It could also be looked at as good because it is bringing diversity to the computer programming industry, instead of exclusion. But, even with these great efforts, something went wrong. What went wrong was in the past Google’s search engine was not providing good results when searching “black girls.” This a deep issue that contributes to the misrepresentation and stereotypes of Black women, which also causes exclusion from different industries. Moreover, Google and other industries were also not fully realizing how algorithms can be racist. To fix this kind of problem, we could simply change or tweak the aberrations. But the best way to fix this issue is to see why those type of algorithms were chosen in the first place. Also, another why to addresses this issue is having these industries be educated in technology racialization along with including, more people of color in certain areas who can give input on such issues. Lastly, we can conclude from this piece that the intent of technology can be good but it also can harmful and problematic.


Trophy Project

Documents of the War of 181

Hospital in Brownville –

 This source from Roswell P. Flower Memorial Library, provides information on the War of 1812 regarding how medical care was provided during the war. The image shown below is from a newspaper with a shot of an apartment style home, which was used as a hospital. Wounded and injured soldiers were able to reside there for care and treatment. The newspaper article explains how the hospital was right across the street from Major General Jacob Brown mansion. In addition, it explains how the building was sold and past down to various people.

  • The British capture of Prairie du Chien during the War of 1812 –

 Another source that provided information on the War of 1812 was a transcript written by a British fur trader. Through this written document you can see the British’s plans of attacking. For instance, in the transcript the British trader, Anderson, explains his hunting plans before the war began. In addition, he addresses his exploits at the Battle of Prairie du Chien, which includes his negotiations with allies. This type of document shows evidence of the British attacks on the US and the use of alliances.

  • Battle of New Orleans

The Battle of New Orleans source is a description of the final battle of the war. The textual document is a piece from a newspaper article in New Orleans. It explains the final of events of the war, including the number of people who died. Moreover, the source gives information on commanders and generals who were killed or wounded during the battle. Through out the article it also describes the great accomplishments and victories the Americans succeed in. The U.S troops were honored for their courage and hard work.

  • War of 1812 Petition of Robert Johnston

This item provided by the National Archives at Boston is a written petition from Robert Johnston. He wrote the petition because of lost goods due to non-importation laws. This source provides information about how the loss of American goods lead to the war. It also provides evidence that non-importation laws were in effect. This petition that was written probably was one of many that pleaded to the British government to lift the act.

  • War of 1812 & 1861

In this document, General Scott and Billy Johnson tell their events of the war. The textual document explains how Billy was a crippled veteran that was in the war. Throughout the text Billy’s is trying to get the attention of General. Billy is seeking for the General to remember him, as one of his soldiers, despite his old age. This shows the life of a soldier after the war and how he conquered and preserved through challenges.